Q: In your opinion which model of Curriculum is the best in Pakistan and why?
The definition of curriculum and its interpretation varies from a narrow concept of ―a set of subjects or programs of studies‖ to a broader concept of ―a series of experiences undergone by learners in the school under supervision of a teacher/school‖. 2 The curriculum has been defined as ―the planned and guided learning experiences and intended outcomes, formulated through systematic reconstruction of knowledge and experience under auspices of school, for the learners‘ continuous and willful growth in personal-social competence‖.
3 It implies that curriculum provides a framework for the educational institutions determining the subjects, learning objectives, and learning outcomes. The key value of a curriculum is to ensure cohesion and uniformity in the education system of diverse cultures and societies to achieve the cherished goal of national unity. In other words, the curriculum is simply a vehicle to interpret and transmit national goals and societal aspirations to the younger generations.
The curriculum is the guide that delineates the learning path of a student and determines the process of learning. 4 1.3 Quality in Education The term quality‘ in education has been used in all policy documents. However, its definition remains elusive because of the intricate nature of the teaching-learning process and the involvement of a large number of stakeholders.
Quality of education has been defined ―as a set of elements containing input, process and output of education system‖. 5 The term ―education quality‖ has also been defined in two ways in terms of either inputs, or outputs. 6 The quality of education is linked to school inputs, such as teachers‘ qualifications, class size, pedagogy, teaching and learning materials, curriculum, facilities and resources (learning, physical, fiscal and others) necessary for the maintenance of school. Educational quality is, therefore, relative to the inputs. If inputs are of good quality, the output is also of high quality.
7 Educational outcomes and the curriculum as input are interconnected. The nature and design of the curriculum guide the educational process to achieve the desired outcomes or standards. Quality is at the heart of education, and it encompasses the desirable characteristics of learners, processes, facilities, learning materials, content, governance and management, and learning outcomes.
Quality education is one that satisfies basic learning needs and enriches the lives of learners and their overall experience of living. 8 The National Educational Policy 2009 identified six pillars of quality which include curriculum, textbooks, assessment, teachers, learning environment, and relevance of education to practical life. 9 In these pillars, the curriculum is the major pillar around which the whole activities relating to learning take place. As such, it is imperative that the design of the curriculum is such that it takes care of all requirements leading to effective learning.
O level, O level, O level, O level, the word that is heard everywhere. Being a part of the society, I became attracted to these two terms and decided to choose it and left the Pakistani curriculum behind. Fortunately, I completed my A level, scored well, and decided to go abroad for higher education. What’s up no. How can you think of that? Have you forgotten your principles and values? Money, where is it coming from?
After all this, I decided to enroll in a Pakistani university for higher education. Difficult problem. One level! Not FSC? Then you need to apply for the Certificate of Equality and I found out that they considered my IGCSE (11th) as 10th class and 13th class as only 12th class. Oh! I lost my two years for no reason. When I got my certificate, I opened my eyes in surprise and saw that my 20% marks had been cut. I don’t know why
The next step was the entrance test. Each university conducts its own tests in conjunction with the NTS, while medical or engineering universities conduct their own tests, such as ECAT and MCAT. The syllabus of most of the examinations was from the Pakistani syllabus. Once again I was left behind in the race of thousands. Compared to other curricula, the Pakistani curriculum offers very detailed courses. More knowledge and more opportunities result in more understanding.