Muhammad Bin Qasim (2) Pdf books
The Umayyad Caliphate ordered Muhammad bin Qasim to invade Sindh. He led 6,000 Syrian cavalry and was accompanied by an advance guard on the Sindh border and 6,000 camel riders and five catapults (manjanics). Muhammad ibn Qasim first captured Debal, from where the Arab army marched along the Indus. In Rohri, his forces met him. Dahir died in battle, his forces were defeated and Muhammad bin Qasim took control of Sindh. Muhammad bin Qasim entered Daibal in 712 AD. As a result of their efforts, they succeeded in capturing the Devil. He continued his victorious progress in Neron, Qila (called Sakka), Brahmanabad, Alwar, Multan and Gujarat one after the other. After the conquest of Multan, he extended his arm to the borders of Kashmir, but his dismissal prevented further advance. The Muslims now owned a part of the whole of Sindh and the Punjab, up to the Kashmir border in the north. After the victory, he adopted a policy of reconciliation, and demanded that the local people accept the Muslim government in return for non-interference in their religious and cultural practices. He made peace with a strong tax system. In return, it guaranteed the safety of life and property for the local people. Pilgrims died in 714. When Walid bin Abdul Malik died, his younger brother Sulayman succeeded him as caliph. He was a bitter enemy of the families of the pilgrims. He recalled Muhammad bin Qasim from Sindh, who obeyed orders and considered it the duty of a general. When he returned, he was executed on July 18, 715 AD, at the age of twenty.